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  • Tolgay Şatana

Orthopedics and Traumatology

Surgery is a sub-branch of medical sciences working on the surgery of trauma and deformities of the musculoskeletal system, muscle diseases, joint diseases surgery and medical treatment.

It is performed by an orthopedic and traumatology specialist. The fact that physicians who accept patients after a 5-year education in Turkey dominate all sub-branches requires specialization due to the difficulty of following up the developing treatment options. It is common to come across definitions such as joint surgery, shoulder, knee, pediatric orthopedics, spine surgeon.

The traumatology unit of the branch, which focuses on two main departments; In addition to working as a part of the trauma team in general body trauma, he performs the correction of fractures due to skeletal trauma and the replacement of dislocations by considering vital functions (head-chest and abdominal injuries). At the end of these procedures, it is aimed for the individual to quickly return to their former quality of life and functions.

• Closed treatment and fixation of fractures and dislocations (plaster-splint-orthosis),

• Surgical treatment of fractures and dislocations,

• Post-traumatic rehabilitation is within the scope of traumatology.

The foundations of today’s modern implant and fixation methods were laid in trauma surgery, which made its greatest development during the World War II years. When Dutch military physician Antonius Mathysen invented the plaster fracture fixation (Plaster of Paris cast) in 1851, unhealthy bandages were used that were smeared with egg or horse blood and hardened with albumin. Again, the German surgeon Gerhard Küntscher was sending the soldiers back to the front in a short time with the help of metal rods he placed in the bone marrow in the first world war. It was 1970 when Harborview Medical Center applied this method without opening the fractures. While external fixation methods were applied in the Vietnam War, Gavril Abramovich Ilizarov in Russia broke new ground in 1950 by defining distraction osteogenesis not only in war surgery but also in deformity surgery with fixators inspired by the tensioned wires of the bicycle wheel.

While traumatology progresses in this way, Orthopedics, the second basic unit, has historically been the basis of the branch. Jean Andre Venel, who gave the first examples of modern applications in correcting the foot and spine curvature of children, revealed the definition of clinical studies (Orthos-Pedos) that started in 1870. Over the years, with the development of joint and oncology surgery, it has included sub-branch specializations.

Fractures and Dislocation


Regenerative Medicine

Cellular Treatment

Medical Treatment

Interventional Treatment


Joint Surgery

Oncologic Surgery

Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery

Hand Surgery

Foot and Ankle Surgery



Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery

Robotic Surgery

Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

Spine Surgery

Musculoskeletal Oncology

Sports Injuries Surgery

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