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  • Tolgay Şatana

What is Hip (Prosthetic) Arthroplasty?

What is Hip Replacement? / What is Hip Arthroplasty? - Arthroplasty / Joint prosthesis means the renewal-replacement of the joint surface by using metal or similar materials. It is performed when the cartilage on the joint surface is completely eroded and joint movements are restricted and painful loss of function occurs. Shortness and rotations can be eliminated if there is malalignment while the joint is renewed.

Two methods are commonly used in hip joint prostheses.

1. Resurfacing

2. Total joint / Partial joint prostheses

In resurfacing surgeries, joint surfaces are covered with metal / ceramic structures. It is applied to patients who do not have malalignment and have sufficient coverage in the joint socket. It has become widespread in recent years, especially in patients under 60 years of age whose muscle strength is balanced.

Total joint and partial joint prostheses have been widely used since the second world war. In total prosthesis, both joint surfaces (socket and head) are usually replaced partially. Partial prostheses are often applied after fractures.

While the head is fixed with a handle extending into the bone marrow, it may consist of 4 parts together with the head by adding a ceramic or polyethylene surface on the metal coating to the nest part.

What is Hip Replacement? / What is Hip Arthroplasty?

If adhesive is used in prosthetic surgeries or the patient's bone stock is sufficient, if there is no osteoporosis in the bone, weight can be given immediately with the help of crutches. It may be necessary not to press for a while under the supervision of the physician for prostheses that we call cementless, that is, in cases where we do not apply adhesive.

Prosthetic surgery gives very good results when done at the right time and to the right patient. It is possible to return to normal life, except for certain restrictions, especially when the recovery is completed.

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